MRAD vs MOA For Hunting: A Brief Guide

MRAD and MOA explained

As is the case with everything in the universe of guns, there’s a question over the maximum shot that you’re going to be able to rationally shoot game at, and with ever-improving reach and precision in rifles, it seems like there will never be a straightforward solution.

In the end, it depends on what you’re personally satisfied with. That said, the idea of a 100 yard MOA is fast and simple to understand and accurate enough even for mid-range distances (the higher the distance, the more correct math required of 1.047 inches vs. a rounded-down one inch). 

However, the MIL-based scope is also likely to be a superior calculating instrument when hunting multiple targets at a greater distance.

MOA indeed has more accuracy, and because of this, it also needs more modification to the gun. MIL-based shotguns, on the other hand, need fewer clicks to make the necessary adjustments, which can come in useful when you’re monitoring a waterfowl at 500 yards, for example. 

Any direction, you can educate yourself in whatever method you’re familiar with, and sometimes even combine them if you’re good at doing on-the-go estimates in your mind. The easiest option for you, also at the end of the day, is most definitely the best option.



MOA explanation

Let’s start with the discussion of what is the Minute of Angle (MOA)?

There are a lot of hunters and rifle lovers who come across the phrase MOA but just don’t know what the word means. Below, we’re going to look more carefully at MOA and give you all of the necessary information to get a better understanding.

What does MOA Mean?

MOA represents ‘Minute-of-Angle.’ In simple English, it indicates an angle of 1/60th degree for every minute.

This is often misleading to a novice, mainly because we always think of a minute as a unit of time, but for a gunman, a minute corresponds to a degree of angle and could go back down a second.

As the sniper scopes diameter on the riflescope is 360 degrees, 180 degrees is a half-circle, and 90 degrees is a fifth, which implies that calculating 1/60th degree of both the rifle range as well as being a rather minor adjustment will make a huge difference when heading down. However, this disparity will mostly depend on how well the dials should be changed on the meter, whether they are 1/8, 1/6, 1⁄2, or 1 also on dial.

MOA is an essential unit of measurement that can be used when it refers to measurements and reticles since once released, projectiles appear to fly in a path that is a result of the gravity of the earth. This path is calculated in angles and degrees to have a better understanding of where the projectile would strike the aim.


precision scope adjustment

Hunters and snipers may appear to care just for the size of the party when it comes to picking the best hunting Minute-of-Angle rifle, but what makes a perfect hunting Minute-of-Angle rifle?

Although mechanical precision is of significant quality, it’s far from the only thing hunters are searching for in a big Minute of Angle rifle. 

Performance or loss in hunting is seldom measured by whether a Minute-of-Angle rifle is capable of firing a 1⁄2-inch party at 100 yards. Reliability, stability, stock layout, trigger consistency, and handling features all help quite often. 

Together these characteristics are what distinguish good hunting with a Minute-of-Angle rifle from a large one and, in doing just that, decide whether or not hunting that can focus on a single shot can turn out to be great. 

Here are some feature examples :

Size and Weight

Hunting in remote areas will require packing a lot of equipment and, if everything goes as expected, bringing a lot of food on the way back home. A Minute-of-Angle rifle that does not bring needless weight to the workload could be a great asset on the road. 

Depending on the size, the hunters weigh around 5 1⁄2 tons unloaded without any kind of size or attachments. This places each other at a weight of between 6 1⁄2 and 7 tons, which is very fair. With a total length of 411⁄4 inches and a 22-inch gun, the hunter is also lightweight, making it easy to maneuver through a brush or wood or useful when used in a large tree.

This large cylinder is also an affordable alternative to separating a solid framework from the container due to the amount of surface area that the container contains. The final part of the puzzle is a fixed extractor, which means that the empty container falls out of the transmitter.


The accuracy counts because the standard 1 MOA has always been an indicator of what the accurate hunting Minute-of-Angle rifle would produce, but it is not a bad guideline. The hunter is guaranteed to fire the sub-Minute-of-Angle (MOA).

Safeties and magazines

Several elements may be a matter of personal opinion. Safeties and magazines are one of them. The three-position swing-style protection helps the user repeat the action of loading or unloading the Minute-of-Angle rifle while the protection is engaged and secures the trigger entirely. The hunter uses this classic three-position arrangement on the bullet shield, where it is easily accessed.

MOA Adjustments

adjustment ring on scope

Most rifle hunters are familiar with the term “minute of angle” (MOA). When the device is broken down, the minute of angle corresponds to the measurement you turn on your device, to adjust the point of effect on the aim by the same measure. 

On the other side, some scopes can be adjusted by four clicks, each MOA for shooting, and others by one click of each MOA for long-range tasks. These types of sniper Minute-of-Angle rifles are often used for shooters that use Aim point for hunting, while some are used for remote shooting.

If you have difficulty calculating the amounts in your mind or would much rather have a calculation, you should use this approach. Divide the distance (in yards) by 100, and you’ll know how wide 1 MOA is in inches. Assume, for instance, that you’re firing at 250 yards. 250/100 = 2.5.2. So, at 250 yards, 1 MOA is 2.5′′.

Minute Of Angle Formula 

  • Target Yards/100 = inches per MOA change at that distance 
  • Inches of adjustment Need/Size of 1 MOA Chunk in Inches = MOA 
  • Clicks per MOA on Scope x MOA Adjustment Number Required = Number of Clicks Required for Adjustment 

Remember, if you want to use 1,047 inches per 100 yards instead of 1 inch per 100 yards, then multiply by 1,047 inches per MOA at that distance.

Benefits of MOA

One minute angle, also recognized as an arcminute, is equivalent to a deviation of about 1 inch at 100 yards, 2.00 inches at 200 yards, and 3.00 inches at 300 yards.

One change increment for multiple MOA ranges shifts the 0.25 (1/4″) line of the arcminute or 0.25 inches at 100 yards, 0.50 inches at 200 yards, and 0.75 inches at 300 yards. 

These calculations relate to both winding and elevation and are carried out by rotating a piston adjuster on the device. Few ranges shift reticle orientation in increments 0125 (1/8″), but several shooters believe this too small to be effective, particularly at long distances.

The minute-of-angle (MOA) framework has its advantages. Here are several considerations:

  • 1/4 MOA changes (2.1675″@1000 yards) are almost double as advanced as 1/10 mil changes (3.93701″@1000 yards). 
  • MOA is more common if you live in a world where traditional units are used. 
  • Many projectile tables will be in the legs and yards.


what is MRAD

MRAD refers to a milliradian and is used to calculate an angle unit.

MRAD is an SI-derived unit used during the angular calculation to describe a thousandth of a radian or 0.001 radians of a rifle range reflector. If you listened during the Science class, you will realize that the SI-derived units are the basic units of measurement defined by the International System of Units (SI). 

What does MRAD Mean?

MRAD is being used to relate to milliradian, which is what is considered the angular units of measurement. There are 360 degrees in the spotting scopes, and each of the 360-degree circles can be divided into 6,283 radians. Every radian is going to be 57.3 degrees.


features of MRAD

MRAD features include a singular length-of-pull adjustment, customizable cheek rest height, and a silicone bolt guide serving as a dust cover to eliminate debris in the actuator.

It also has a consumer removable AR-15 type safety, and right-handed magazine release, as well as the option to accommodate standard M16/AR15 style firearm controls.

Here are some feature examples:

Adjusting For Bullet Splash

The MRAD sensor piston change for failure using a shot splash is very easy. What we calculate in the distance is just what we click on the shotguns. Most of the ranges of mil projectiles shift 0.1 mil per click.


That’s why the MRAD sensor is so common. It provides an easy way to easily estimate the range.

Erector Tube

As we lift the erector tube, our viewpoint is elevated so that we can look through the optical viewfinder. Seeing lower pushes the sensor lower on our aim so that we lift the rifle to adjust, which increases our direction of travel.


You can change the MRAD by 1/10th press. As a result, it provides a more accurate degree of change when it comes to calculating long distances such as the MIL-based range and is generally best suited for long-range aiming and firing.

MRAD Adjustments

MRAD adjustment on scope

The majority of the ranges are changed. .1 MRAD or 1/10th a Milliradian each click, allowing the sniper to split the distance between every Mil-Dot 10 times for simple status change.

However, for all of us, we will stick to the 1MRAD-adjusted sniper rifles as it makes the switch quick. Some ranges have their targets labeled as 1 click = 1cm at 100 meters, which is right but also equals .36 per click at 100 meters.

Manufacturers are offering to satisfy the requirement for a linear number. Lately, several of the businesses have returned to the right marking.

Milliradian Formula

Now, since a milliradian is 1/1000 of a radian, it doesn’t depend on what linear distance you’re using, the reticle or changes underlie 1/1000 of that number. Then you’ve got a milliradian equal to: 

1 mile to 1,000 miles 

1 meter at 1,000 meters 

1 yard to 1,000 yards 

10 centimeter to 100 meters 

3.6 inches in 100 yards (3600 inches)

Milliradian Ragging Formula

Inches * 27.8/Mils = Yard range 

Standardized form around 7 yards at 1,000 yards: inches x 28/mils = length in yards. 

Feet * 333/Mils = Yard range 

Yards * 1000/Mils = Yards range 

Inches x 25.4/Mils = Meter range 

Meters * 1000/Mils = Meter range 

Centimeters * 10/Mils = Meter range

Millimeters/Mils = Meters range 

Where would the equivalence point 27.8 come from? We understand Yards * 1000/Mils = Yards range. Divide 1,000 yards by 36 inches, then we’ll get 27.8.

Benefits of MRAD

A radian or “rad” is the basic angular measure unit used in many fields of mathematics. The radian is just below 57.3 degrees. A milliradian or “mil” is a thousandth of a radian. About 6283 mils are in precise control. 

Arcminutes have a defined meaning in different ranges, so do milliradians. These are normally expressed in meters (metric system) instead of in yards, for purposes that we shall soon analyze. Milliradian ranges are typically adjusted in one-tenth (.10) intervals, since one complete mil makes a significant difference, even at 100 meters.

  • Base 10 metric amounts are simpler to measure. 
  • More transactional and transformational is used by MRAD & more pros. 
  • United States Army and many other powers across the globe have developed MRAD, affecting development and use. 
  • Many scopes combine the two schemes, with a mil-dot reticle so turret change in one-quarter minutes of arc. 
  • While arithmetic is easier in the base-10 metric system, most projectile maps are in imperial measurement, involving translation between feet and yards to centimeters and meters.


adjusting scope

Sighting in or “scoping” a weapon is the art of connecting iron or telescopic sights with a weapon, enabling the gunman to position bullets at a certain distance.

Scopes have developed with greater visibility and magnification to accommodate the growing strength and accuracy of rifles and weapons. Two methods for synchronization of scopes have been originally developed. 

Each of them has a markedly different root and method. The Minute-of-Angle (MOA) system is a traditional base-60 scheme developed for science. The milliradian (MRAD) system is a Base 10 operation allied for firearms at the end of the nineteenth century. 

However, both are equally efficient, using path sections to convey the same amount of growth in direction at a fixed distance.


The method of evaluating distance or position using knowledge of two other aspects is defined as triangulation. It is similarly applicable to MOA and MRAD, and the concepts are the same. We’ll use the above, for example, so the arithmetic is more straightforward. 

Mil sizes are those of weapons that change in increments of mils and often have sights that are separated into mils (the space between one dot center and each other). Milliradian scales can be used to set the range to zero, compare your shot categories, decide the size of the aim or quantify the distance.


In such extremely volatile circumstances as big-game shooting or war, there is no solution to successful shooting. Shooting with accuracy starts with theoretical hypotheses. Then the hardcore feeling must be perfected.

Sighting In

at shooting range

Have yourself and the arms set and securely supported in a safe spot, on a horizontal plane. All tests and modifications rely on the stability and accuracy in handling the pistol.


Determining the diffraction limit and distance requires a good eye for detail, as the photographs can look very tiny at a distance. On the other side, your target may be greater than the differentiated section of the targeting reticle.

Wind adjustments

Calculations don’t necessarily turn out to be tidy and even. Often the solution of firing slips between changes. Holding hold can be challenging, as you have to estimate how far you want to shoot above your target at a certain distance.

Beaufort scale

  • 1mph-3 mph: Haze travels in the direction of the wind, slightly shifting grass. 
  • 4 mph-7 mph: Wind gently feeling on the face *Very reliable* 
  • 8 mph-12 mph: The leaves turn, the twigs, and the treetops are in motion. 
  • 13 mph—18 mph: Loose paper, ashes, and paper are swirling about, small tree branches are moving. 
  • 19 mph-25 mph: The wide branches of the tree swing, the whole tree sways when thin. 
  • 25 mph-30 mph: Wide trees will be in a steady motion, and it will be impossible to walk against the current.


MOA ranges provide shooters with a greater degree of precision at a reasonably close range of 300 yards or less where no fine modifications are required. MOA ranges are also the better option for hunters.

However, for long-range accuracy shooting, the MRAD ranges are actually a safer option because they have a greater degree of accuracy at comparatively long ranges.

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